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2012年7月 4日 (水)

Zamba del Che

EL CHE VIVEには、ビクトル・ハラの歌う「チェのサンバ」という名曲も入っていました。ZambaはブラジルのSambaとは全く別で、アルゼンチン北西部の8分の6拍子の舞曲。確かユパンキの歌や、グアスタビーノの歌曲などにもサンバの名曲がありました。
今日のZamba del Cheでは、ハラの重く引きずるような哀切な歌声が胸に迫ります。チェ・ゲバラへの熱い追悼歌であると共に、数年後のハラ自身の壮絶な虐殺死を思い起こさずにいられない一曲。フォルクローレ(民謡)も、このように南米の国や地方、歌手によってかなり印象が異なります。

VÍCTOR JARA - Zamba del Che

Víctor Lidio Jara Martínez (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈbiktor ˈliðjo ˈxaɾa marˈtines]) (September 28, 1932 -- September 16, 1973) was a Chilean teacher, theatre director, poet, singer-songwriter, political activist and member of the Communist Party of Chile. A distinguished theatre director, he devoted himself to the development of Chilean theatre, directing a broad array of works from locally produced Chilean plays, to the classics of the world stage, to the experimental work of Ann Jellicoe. Simultaneously he developed in the field of music and played a pivotal role among neo-folkloric artists who established the Nueva Canción Chilena (New Chilean Song) movement which led to a revolution in the popular music of his country under the Salvador Allende government. Shortly after the Chilean coup of 11 September 1973, he was arrested, tortured and ultimately shot to death with 44 bullet shots by machine gun fire. His body was later thrown out into the street of a shanty town in Santiago. The contrast between the themes of his songs, on love, peace and social justice and the brutal way in which he was murdered transformed Jara into a symbol of struggle for human rights and justice across Latin America.


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